最赚钱的生意

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从国外垃圾分类模式是我们学到了什么?

来源:发表时间:2014-05-28 09:44:27
加强垃圾管理,是实现城市可持续发展的重要内容。一些发达国家在现代化过程中逐步形成了较为成熟的垃圾处理模式,在垃圾收集、处理以及管理方面的一些经验值得借鉴。

  yi、fenlei

  genjulajichulishichanghuachengduhezhengfuzaiqizhongfahuidezuoyong,guowailajichulimoshizhuyaofenweishichangzhudaoxing、zhengfuzhudaoxingjiqitaleixing。

  ■shichangzhudaoxing

  yimeiguohedeguoweidaibiao。lajizuoweiyizhongjingjiernarushangyeyunzuozhong,chengshilajideshouji、huishou、chuli、jiagongjixiaoshoushiyigexitongdechanye,yikaoshangyemoshiyunxing。

  meiguodechengshishenghuolajishouji,shiyouzhuanmencongshifeiqiwushoujichulidegongsichengbaoyunzuo。zheixiefeiqiwugongsiyoudezhishifuzeshouji、fenleiheyunshu,youdehaiyouzijidelajitianmaichangheduifeichang。meiguojuminmeiyueyaojiaojishizhengguanlibumenlajichulifei,shizhengguanlibumenzaiyufeiqiwuchuliqiyeqiandinghetong。gegefeiqiwuchuligongsisheyouzhuanmendehuishouwushougoudian,meigechengshihuiyou1gehuojigehuishouwushougouzhongxin,daduozhishougousuliaopinghejinshupin。zheixiewupinshangdouhuiyinyoukehuishoudesanjiaoxunhuanbiaozhi。danzheixiezhongxinshizhongjianshang,tamendeshougoujiagehendi。dabufenhuishouwudouyoufeiqiwuchuligongsilaishoujichuli。dangqian,meiguochengshishenghuolajidechulifangfazhuyaoyouhuishou、fenshaohetianmai。qizhonghuishouzhan30%,fenshaozhan14%,tianmaizhan56%。huishouzhuyaoyibufenshijiangdianchi、zhilei、boli、suliao、jinshudengfenlei、shouji、jiagong、shengchan、chushoudeguocheng;lingyibufenshiduishiwufeiqiwuhetingyuanfeiqiwujinxingduifeichuli。tianmaichulizaimeiguoyiranshichuliliangzuidadefangfa。dantianmaifeiqiwudezongliangcong1990niande1.27yidunjiangdizhi2001niande1.16yidun,tongshitianmaichangdeshuliangyou6326gejianshaozhi185ge。

  zaideguo,lajiyizuoweiyizhongjingjiernarushangyeyunzuozhong,juedaduoshulajidejingyingyoudangdizhengfufuze。zheizhongjingyingmoshiyoudangdizhengfufuzelajishouji,ranhoujianglajijingguobutongchuli,duichulihoudemouxiewuzhikezhongxintourushichang,congzhonghuoqujingjixiaoyi。duiyujuminqudelajizeshishiyizhongshuangguizhidejingying。juminqudelajiyouzhen、xiangfuzeshouji,jiangzheixielajiyunshudaogonggongchulichanghesirenchulichangjinxingfenleihechuli,bingjiangchulihouyouyongdewuzhitourushichang,shiqijinrushangyeyunyingzhong。deguotebiezhuzhonglajixunhuanliyong。zaideguo,zhenduijiatingsuochanshenglajidezailiyongzhuyaocuoshi,yishizaimeigechengshidoujianyouxunhuanliyongzhongxinzhan,qifenbuqingkuanganchengshidaxiaohejuminrenshuerding,renmenkejiangzijiadakuailaji,rujianzhulaji、qichebujianheyoudulaji(feidianchi)songdaozhongxinzhan。zheileilajiduifangzaizheili,zhongxinzhanrenyuankejiangzheixielajizuojinyibuchuli,rujiangyouyonghebukeyongdebufenchaikai,keshiyongdebufenkechumai。ershishikehuishoulajishangpinhua,ru“huangdaizi”gongsimianfeixiangjuminfafanghuangsedaizi,juminkejiangzijiasuliaozhipin、jinshu、bomo、xidileiwuzhifangrudaizhong,zaiguidingshijian、didian,youzheijiagongsishangmenshouji,bingsongdaoxiangguangongchanghegongsi,shizheixielajijingchulihouzaicishiyong,zheijiagongsicongzhonghuoli。tongguoshangshuzheixieshouduan,jinzuidakenengduilajijinxingzailiyong,zheiyangyifangmiantigaowuzhideshiyongshouming,lingyifangmiandadahuanjielajidaijishehuideyali。

  ■zhengfuzhudaoxing

最赚钱的生意  yixinjiapoheribenweidaibiao。zailajifeiwuguanlihezonghezhilideshijiyunzuozhong,zhengfufahuizhudaozuoyong,tongguoyangedefeiwuguanlilifahetuixingxianjindelajichulilinian,guliquanshehuituijinshenghuolajijianlianghuahexunhuanzaishengliyong,weihuhuanjinganquan。

  xinjiapozhuzhongzuohaolajideshouyunhechulilianggehuanjie。1.shouyun。huanjingjuyaoqiugegefuzegonggongfeipinhuishoudebumendingqiweisuoyoujuminxiaoqudemeigezhuhutigongmianfeidezaixunhuansuliaohuanbaodai,rangjuminjiangkezailiyongdefeipinshoujiqilai,bingzaizhidingdeshijianfangzaijiamenkou,youfeipinhuishouzhandegongzuorenyuanmeigeliangxingqishouji1ci。weilebianyujumincunfangkezailiyongfeipin,huanjingjuzaiquanguoshezhileyueliangqiangefeipinhuishouzhan。2.chuli。zailajichulifangmian,xinjiapohaizhidingheguancheleliangtiaoyuanze:yishijianshezugoudelajifenshaochangfenshaosuoyoudekeranlaji,shixianlajifadianhegongreliyong;ershijianshezugoudelajitianmaichangtianmaishengyudebukeranlajihefenshaocanzha。weijianshaoyinchulichuzhiriyizengzhangdelajizhandizaochengdetudiziyuanjinzhangwenti,xinjiapocaiyongleduozhongcuoshi,chulezailajichulifangshishangxuanzeyifenshaoweizhuwai,lingyigezhuyaocuoshijiushituiguangziyuanhuishouzailiyong。zaihuanjingjiancejianguanfangmian,xinjiapozhengfuhuanbaobumenyugelajifenshaochangzhijianlianwang,bingzhuangyoushishijianshixitong,24xiaoshijiancefeiqipaifangliang、ereyinghanliangdeng。

  ribenshixingfenleichulilaji,zhuzhonglajifadianherenengliyong。1.fenleichuli。genjuribenfeiqiwuchulifa,duifeiqiwujinxingfenleichuli:yishiyijiatinglajiweizhude“yibanfeiqiwu”zaigeshidingcunneichuli,shidingcunyouyiwuzhidingheshishichulijihua,shidingcunzijichulihuofeiqiwuchuliyezheshoushidingcundeweituojinxingchulibingwanchengtianmaidengzuizhongchuzhi。ershibansuigezhongchanyehuodongconggongchang、shiwusuodengpaichude“chanyefeiqiwu”yuanzeshangyougongchangdengjigouzixingchuli。zaiweituodisanfangchulishi,bixuweituojidedaodoudaofuxianzhishirenkedechuliyezhe。congzhenggefeiqiwuchulideliuchengkan,zhenduifeiqiwushoujibanyun、zhongjianchuli、zuizhongchuzhiyixiliehuanjie,doudaofuxianzhishidoufuyouguanlidezeren。doudaofuxianbixuzhidingchanfeichulijihua、anzhaochulizhunrubiaozhunjiweituozhunrubiaozhunduiqishiyezhehuoshouqishiyezheweituodechanfeichuliyezhejinxingjianduzhidao。tongchang,ribenchanyefeiqiwuchuliyeshixianlexiandaihuaguanli,jubeijianquandeshichangjizhi,ziyuanhualvgao。yibanfeiqiwuzeyinshenghuofeiqiwubizhongjiaoda,ziyuanhualiyongxiangduikunnan,chuliguochengyifenshaoweizhu,yuanzeshangyoushidingcunzijichulihuoweituozhuanmendefeiqiwuchuliyezhechuli。2.lajifadian。ribenhuanjingshengyuanzeshangyaoqiudifangzizhitijiangrongqibaozhuangyiwaidefeisuliaozuoweikeranlajichuli。dongjingdou23qujuedingcong2008nianqidui“rongqibaozhuanghuishoufa”duixiangyiwaidebushiyuhuishoudesuliao、xiangjiao、pigezhipinjinxingfenshaochuli,yiliyongrenenghejinxinglajifadian。ribenxinjiandechulinenglizai300dun/tianyishangdefenshaosheshijihudoushezhileguolujinxingfadian,weiyouxiaoliyongyure,xuduosheshifushelewenshuiyongchijiwenquanliaoyangyuan。dongjingdou23qugongtongshezhidelajifenshaochang“dongjing23quqingsaoyibushiwuzuhe”delajifadiansheshiguimowei15000qianwa,lajifenshaochanshengderenengtongguoguoluhuishou,yibufenzairejiaohuanqizhongbianchenggaowenreshui,beiyongyuwenquanyongchihesheshineidelengnuanqitigong;shengyudezhengqitongguozhengqiwolunfadianjibianchengdiannengxianggaisheshigongdian。(laiyuan:《qiangyin》)

shichangzhudaoxinghezhengfuzhudaoxingmeiyouyangedejiexian,zhengfuzhudaoxingyeyoushichang。cong1998nianyilai,xinjiapojinyibufangkailelajishoujiheqingyundefuwushichang,tuijinshenghuolajishouyunjinghuagongchengdeshichanghua。jiatinglajifen9gequjinxingshoujiheqingyun,bingjinxingzhaotoubiao。xinjiapoyongyouyizhilajishoujichezuchengdeduiwu,zhuangbeilezuixianjindelajiposuijihelajixiangtishengshebei。2001nianxinjiapodelajishoujikaishiquanmiansiyouhua。xianzaiquanguoyoujin400jiashenghuolajishoujishanghedaxinggongyelajishoujishang。tamendouxuyaolingdaozhengfufafangdexukezheng,caiyoujingshangzige,qiyekeyiziyouxuanzelajishoujishang。

  er、qishi

  guowaichengshifazhanguochengzhongxingchengdewanshandelajijianguanzhidu,xianjindelajiguanlilinianhejishu,yijizailajiguanlilifaheguanlifangmiandezuofahejingyan,jilewomenyixieyouyiqishi。

  xiandaidelajiguanlilinian。deguoguanyuyiyuantoujianliang、huishouhexunhuanzailiyongweizhudaofangxiangdelajiguanlilinianjiaoyoudaibiaoxing,ji“bimian-zailiyong-chuli”。zheizhongguanlilinianjianglajidebimianfangzaishouwei,jijinkenengbimianlajidechansheng。zaiwufabimiandeqingkuangxiajinkenengduilajishishizailiyong,jixunhuanshiyong。erzhiyouyishanglianggefangmiandouwufaqizuoyongshi,caiduilajijinxingchuli。

最赚钱的生意  gaoxiaodelajishouji、chulixitong。wulunshishichangzhudaoxingguojia,haishizhengfuzhudaoxingguojia,douyoujiaowanbeideshouji、chulixitong。ru,xinjiapocaiyongduozhonglajishoujifangshi,zhijieshouji、jianjieshoujihehunheshoujibingyong,qizhongjinnianlaicaiyongdejizhongshilajidaoshoujixitong,qizuofashigegeloucengdejuminjianglajidaorugongyongdelajidao,lajidaojianglajijizhongdaozhongyanglajicang,ranhouyongxiaoxingcheliangzhijiejiangmeidongloudezhongyanglajicangyunzou。zheizhongfangfajiaodatigaolejuminlajideshouyunxiaolv。

  xianjindelajichulijishuhesheshi。muqian,shijieshanglajichulijishuzuiliuxingheshiyongzuiduodeshitianmaiyufenshao,ciwai,haiyouduifei、yanyangxiaohua、rejieqihua、gaowengaoyayehua、qiuyinchulidengjishu。qizhongfadaguojiadelajifenshaochulijishuriquchengshu,yunxingwendingdelajichulisheshiyeriyiwanbei,jiangbaozhangqilajiguanlilinianhe“linglaji”mubiaodeshixian。ru,deguoyou1000duozuoduifeichang、80zuodazhaoqichanghe38zuochulicanyulajideduifeichangzaiyunxing,haiyoulajifenshaofadianchang70zuo,junanzhuangyouyanqijinghuashebei,jinxingliangjisuanxingqitijinghua,bingcaiyongxianjindexuanzexingcuihuafajishu,tuochudanyanghuawuheereying。

最赚钱的生意  yindaoxingshuifeizhengce。ribencaiqushuifeizhengcelaiyindaoshiminjiqishiyedanweideguanlixingwei。tongguozengjiachengbenrangjingjizhutizaizhengceyalixiazuochuhelidexuanze,yitigaofeiqiwudechuzhiheliyongxiaolv。bijiaoyoudaibiaoxingdeshuifeizhengcebaokuochanyefeiqiwushui、feiqiwushoufeizhiyuyajinzhi。xinjiapozhengfuhaituixinglecailiaoshui、chanpinshui、shiyongfeidengdedingyihejiancechengxu,goumaizhengce、huanbaoshenhedengcuoshi,yeshoudaolexianzhuchengxiao。

  jianquandelajiguanlilifa。xinjiapobanbushishidehuanjingwuranguanzhifaling,duigeleifeiwuchulihepaifangdouguidinglemingquedexiandingbiaozhun,shigexianggongchengsheshi、gongshanghuodongherichangshenghuodouyoufakeyi。xinjiapozhengfuyeshelilexiangyingdezhuanmenjigou,fuzequebaogexiangjiansheheshehuihuodongbuhuiyinqibukekongzhidejiankangwenti、anquanwentihewuranwenti。jinnianlai,youxianhouchutaileguojiazaixunhuanjihua、wulajixingdongdengxunhuanjingjizhengce,zhelituijinfeiwuzaixunhuanyuzaishengliyongjincheng,tigaofeiwuziyuanzaishengliyonglv。(zuozhedanwei:guangdongshengrendahuanjingyuziyuanbaohuweiyuanhui)


 

此文关键字:垃圾 模式

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